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But it is in large part due to problems within the OTP and their difficulty in building coherent, effective, and understandable cases. I think they will be much more efficient and effective. Professor Marchuk: The Prosecutor in her latest Report on Preliminary Examination Activities singled out three Orenitram (Extended Release Osmotic Tablet)- FDA categories of crimes, which show a pattern of criminality in the territory of Ukraine.

Also she mentioned crimes committed by the occupying authorities in Crimea. And the latest category of crimes are crimes against civilians. So one could say that the OTP is prioritising these three patterns of criminal behaviour as those that will, most probably, lead to individual cases. However the specific crimes are always linked to the charges, which are levied against an individual suspect. So far, we do not know how far down the chain of the military command of political leadership the ICC Prosecutor would wish to travel.

So it is very difficult to say what international crimes will be prioritised as we do not know who will be the first suspects identified by the ICC Prosecutor.

Professor Heller: Let Orenitram (Extended Release Osmotic Tablet)- FDA just add very briefly to that. As a general legal matter, it is normally easier to prosecute crimes that take place in detention or that involve civilians who are captured and Orenitram (Extended Release Osmotic Tablet)- FDA. Whenever you are talking about war crimes, crimes that take place in the fog Orenitram (Extended Release Osmotic Tablet)- FDA war, even deliberate attacks on civilians can be extraordinarily difficult to prove.

Orenitram (Extended Release Osmotic Tablet)- FDA they firing at civilians. Or were they firing at the military target nearby. What was the military advantage versus the anticipated civilian damage.

These are extremely, extremely difficult crimes to prosecute. So, insofar as the OTP can get evidence and the suspects, I would expect them to focus on detention-related crimes like torture, extrajudicial executions and the like. Professor Heller: I care passionately about the natural environment and I think the idea of criminalising the intentional destruction of the environment regardless of its anthropocentric effects is a good one.

Whether ecocide is the kind of crime that should be added to the Rome Statute and whether we should further complicate the work of the OTP - there I am not so sure. And this is a world first in international criminal law. But it is still a huge step forward that it is Typhoid Vi Polysaccharide Vaccine (Typhim)- FDA to cause disproportionate damage to the environment even if it does not affect humans, cause them to starve, or destroy their necessities of life.

The ecocide proposal is extremely well-intentioned and we should firmly support the criminalisation of it at an international level.

Whether we should add it to Orenitram (Extended Release Osmotic Tablet)- FDA list of things the ICC should do - here I am a little bit more sceptical. Professor Marchuk: I passionately support Kevin on that. If there is a will to protect the environment and introduce an additional crime that will protect the environment, this is something that could benefit potentially the ICC and will show that international criminal justice has a broader reach as well.

So I have nothing against that. But, of course, this should be followed by a lengthy period of negotiations of the States Parties to the ICC and there Orenitram (Extended Release Osmotic Tablet)- FDA be a political will to include this crime within the jurisdiction of the ICC. Professor Marchuk: It is not a revelation to anyone and I do not want to insult anyone that the practice of international law and international criminal justice is dominated by white older men from a common law background.

There are reasons for it. The way the procedure works Orenitram (Extended Release Osmotic Tablet)- FDA international criminal courts and tribunals is adversarial. So those who have a common law background are in an advantageous position because they can argue the cases convincingly in a courtroom. However, there was a great emphasis in the ICC that we have to maintain more diversity in international criminal justice. In particular, we have seen the proliferation of situations across the globe.

So, for example, if a potential defendant comes from the Philippines or Venezuela, it might be that the defendant would prefer to be represented by a defence counsel of his nationality or, at least, by a counsel who speaks his language.

Also, when we look at the early examples of prosecutions at the ICTY, there was a great degree of miscommunication between the defendants and defence counsels. First of all, they did not speak the same language and they did not understand the cultural differences. So it would clearly strengthen international criminal justice if we have greater diversity. But then, if you want to be included in the list of practicing counsel at the ICC, you have to fulfill a number of strict criteria.

You have to show that you have practiced, not national criminal law but international transsexual group law for a number of years. And so, for example, if we want more legal professionals from Ukraine or from Eastern Europe to Orenitram (Extended Release Osmotic Tablet)- FDA included on that list, I do not think we have that many professionals.

At least I do not know of so many professionals from Eastern Europe you have practiced before international criminal courts or tribunals. So, on the one hand, we want to show that there is diversity and it is important to bring awareness about it. But it is also important that criteria that you have to fulfill as a candidate to be included skin dry face the ICC list Orenitram (Extended Release Osmotic Tablet)- FDA practicing counsel are realistic.

For example, that it is not only limited to people who have earlier practiced international criminal law, but that would also be possible to be included on the list if you have practiced Orenitram (Extended Release Osmotic Tablet)- FDA criminal law for a number of years. Professor Heller: As an older but certainly not old white man from a common law background, I wholeheartedly endorse what Iryna said.

Perhaps I will just take a slightly wider perspective on it. Diversity is not just about defence counsel, it is about every office and every organ of the ICC. There is not enough representation of women, Triazolam (Halcion)- Multum is not enough representation of individuals from the Global South, there is not enough representation of non-common law and non-civil law backgrounds.

In and of itself, that lack of diversity should be a concern. But pragmatically it should be a concern as well. In terms of the treatment of women, I do not have to get into the Orenitram (Extended Release Osmotic Tablet)- FDA, horrific history of the mistreatment of women and the sexual harassment of women at the ICC.

The Independent Expert Report, which everybody can read, is incredibly damning in that regard and justifiably so.



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